Wikipedia:List of articles all languages should have

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There are a lot of Wikipedias. Some of them are very big, and some are very small. They all need certain basic articles. They can even just be stubs.

This is a list of 1,000 basic articles every Wikipedia needs. This page should include the same article as meta:List of articles all languages should have. When change is needed, please change at Meta first.

Biography[hlela | edit source]

At least three sentences on 100 key historical figures.

Actors, dancers and models[hlela | edit source]

  1. Bardot, Brigitte
  2. Bernhardt, Sarah
  3. Brando, Marlon
  4. Chaplin, Charlie
  5. Dietrich, Marlene
  6. Marx Brothers
  7. Monroe, Marilyn
  8. Camargo, Hebe

Artists and architects[hlela | edit source]

  1. Botticelli, Sandro
  2. Bruegel, Pieter the Elder
  3. Corbusier, Le
  1. Dalí, Salvador
  2. Donatello
  3. Dürer, Albrecht
  4. El Greco
  5. Escher, Maurits Cornelis
  6. Gogh, Vincent van
  7. Goya, Francisco
  8. Kahlo, Frida
  9. Leonardo da Vinci
  10. Matisse, Henri
  11. Michelangelo
  12. Picasso, Pablo
  13. Pollock, Jackson
  14. Raphael
  15. Rembrandt
  16. Rubens, Peter Paul
  17. Velázquez, Diego
  18. Vermeer, Johannes
  19. Warhol, Andy
  20. Wright, Frank Lloyd

Authors, playwrights and poets[hlela | edit source]

  1. Abu Nuwas
  2. Arnaut, Daniel
  3. Bashō
  4. Beckett, Samuel
  5. Borges, Jorge Luis
  6. Byron, George
  7. Camões, Luís de
  8. Cervantes, Miguel de
  9. Chaucer, Geoffrey
  10. Chekhov, Anton
  11. Dante Alighieri
  12. Darío, Rubén
  13. Dickens, Charles
  14. Dostoevsky, Fyodor
  15. Ferdowsi
  16. Fuzûlî
  17. Garcia Marquez, Gabriel
  18. Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
  19. Homer
  20. Horace
  21. Hugo, Victor
  22. Ibsen, Henrik
  23. Joyce, James
  24. Kafka, Franz
  25. Kālidāsa
  26. Khayyam, Omar
  27. Li Bai
  28. Lewis, CS
  29. Mahfouz, Naguib
  30. Milton, John
  31. Molière
  32. Nabokov, Vladimir
  33. Ovid
  34. Poe, Edgar Allan
  35. Premchand, Munshi
  36. Proust, Marcel
  37. Pushkin, Alexander
  38. Rimbaud, Arthur
  39. Rustaveli, Shota
  40. Saramago, Josè
  41. Sappho
  42. Shakespeare, William
  43. Sophocles
  44. Sturluson, Snorri
  45. Tolkien, J. R. R.
  46. Tolstoy, Leo
  47. Twain, Mark
  48. Virgil
  49. Wilde, Oscar
  50. Wu Cheng'en
  51. Yeats, William Butler

Composers and musicians[hlela | edit source]

  1. Bach, Johann Sebastian
  2. Beatles, The
  3. Beethoven, Ludwig van
  4. Berlioz, Hector
  5. Bruckner, Anton
  6. Brahms, Johannes
  7. Tchaikovsky, Petr
  8. Chopin, Frédéric
  9. Dvořák Antonín
  10. Händel, Georg Frideric
  11. Hendrix, Jimi
  12. Jackson, Michael
  13. Madonna
  14. Mahler, Gustav
  15. Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
  16. Puccini, Giacomo
  17. Presley, Elvis
  18. Rolling Stones, The
  19. Schubert, Franz
  20. Smetana, Bedřich
  21. Schumann, Robert
  22. Sibelius, Jean
  23. Stravinsky, Igor
  24. Verdi, Giuseppe
  25. Vivaldi, Antonio
  26. Wagner, Richard

Explorers[hlela | edit source]

  1. Amundsen, Roald
  2. Armstrong, Neil
  3. Cartier, Jacques
  4. Columbus, Christopher
  5. Cook, James
  6. Cortés Hernán
  7. Gagarin, Yuri
  8. Gama, Vasco da
  9. Magellan, Ferdinand
  10. Polo, Marco
  11. Zheng He
  12. von Humboldt, Alexander

Film directors and screenwriters[hlela | edit source]

  1. Bergman, Ingmar
  2. Disney, Walt
  3. Fellini, Federico
  4. Hitchcock, Alfred
  5. Kubrick, Stanley
  6. Kurosawa, Akira
  7. Lucas, George
  8. Spielberg, Steven

Inventors, scientists and mathematicians[hlela | edit source]

  1. Archimedes
  2. Bell, Alexander Graham
  3. Berners-Lee, Tim
  4. Brahe, Tycho
  5. Copernicus, Nicolaus
  6. Curie, Marie
  7. Darwin, Charles
  8. Edison, Thomas
  9. Einstein, Albert
  10. Euclides
  11. Euler, Leonard
  12. Faraday, Michael
  13. Fermi, Enrico
  14. Fibonacci
  15. Ford, Henry
  16. Fourier, Joseph
  17. Galileo Galilei
  18. Gauss, Carl Friedrich
  19. Gutenberg, Johann
  20. Haeckel, Ernst
  21. Joule, James Prescott
  22. Kepler, Johannes
  23. Keynes, John Maynard
  24. Khwarizmi, Muhammad ibn Musa al-
  25. Leibniz, Gottfried
  26. Linnaeus, Carolus
  27. Maxwell, James Clerk
  28. Mendeleev, Dmitri
  29. Meucci, Antonio
  30. Newton, Sir Isaac
  31. Pascal, Blaise
  32. Pasteur, Louis
  33. Planck, Max
  34. Rutherford, Ernest
  35. Schrödinger, Erwin
  36. Stallman, Richard
  37. Tesla, Nikola
  38. Turing, Alan
  39. Watt, James
  40. Wright brothers

Social scientists (philosophers, economists, historians and thinkers)[hlela | edit source]

  1. Aquinas, Thomas
  2. Aristotle
  3. Augustine of Hippo
  4. Avicenna
  5. Bruno, Giordano
  6. Beauvoir, Simone de
  7. Chomsky, Noam
  8. Descartes, René
  9. Durkheim, Émile
  10. Francis of Assisi, Saint
  11. Freud, Sigmund
  12. Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich
  13. Herodotus
  14. Hippocrates
  15. Kant, Immanuel
  16. Locke, John
  17. Luther, Martin
  18. Luxemburg, Rosa
  19. Machiavelli, Niccolò
  20. Marx, Karl
  21. Nietzsche, Friedrich
  22. Paul of Tarsus
  23. Plato
  24. Pythagoras
  25. Rousseau, Jean-Jacques
  26. Jean-Paul Sartre
  27. Smith, Adam
  28. Socrates
  29. Sun Tzu
  30. Voltaire
  31. Weber, Max
  32. Wittgenstein, Ludwig

Politicians, leaders and aristocrats[hlela | edit source]

  1. Akbar
  2. Alexander the Great
  3. Atatürk, Kemal
  4. Augustus
  5. Ben-Gurion, David
  6. Bismarck, Otto von
  7. Bolívar, Simón
  8. Bonaparte, Napoleon
  9. Bush, George W.
  10. Caesar, Julius
  11. Charlemagne
  12. Churchill, Winston
  13. Cixi, Empress Dowager
  14. Cleopatra
  15. Constantine the Great
  16. De Gaulle, Charles
  17. Gandhi, Indira
  18. Elizabeth I of England
  19. Genghis Khan
  20. Haile Selassie
  21. Hirohito
  22. Hitler, Adolf
  23. Lenin, Vladimir
  24. Louis XIV
  25. Macdonald, John A.
  26. Mandela, Nelson
  27. Mao Zedong
  28. Mussolini, Benito
  29. Nkrumah, Kwame
  30. Peter I of Russia
  31. Qin Shi Huang
  32. Saladin
  33. Stalin, Joseph
  34. Thatcher, Margaret
  35. Truman, Harry S.
  36. Victoria of the United Kingdom
  37. Washington, George

Religious figures[hlela | edit source]

  1. Abraham
  2. Moses
  3. Jesus
  4. Muhammad
  5. Buddha

Revolutionaries and activists[hlela | edit source]

  1. Bin Laden, Osama
  2. Gandhi, Mahatma
  3. Goldman, Emma
  4. Joan of Arc
  5. Keller, Helen
  6. King, Martin Luther, Jr.
  7. Mother Teresa
  8. Nightingale, Florence
  9. Parks, Rosa
  10. Guevara, Che

History[hlela | edit source]

This section is for events and periods in human history and prehistory. At least five sentences on:

  1. History

Prehistory and ancient world[hlela | edit source]

  1. Prehistory
  2. Stone Age
  3. Bronze Age
  4. Iron Age
  5. Mesopotamia
  6. Ancient Egypt
  7. Ancient Greece
  8. Roman Empire

Middle Ages and Early Modern[hlela | edit source]

  1. Age of Enlightenment
  2. Aztec
  3. Byzantine Empire
  4. Crusades
  5. Holy Roman Empire
  6. Hundred Years War
  7. Middle Ages
  8. Mongol Empire
  9. Ming Dynasty
  10. Ottoman Empire
  11. Protestant Reformation
  12. Renaissance
  13. Thirty Years War
  14. Vikings

Modern[hlela | edit source]

  1. American Civil War
  2. Apartheid
  3. British Empire
  4. Cold War
  5. French Revolution
  6. Great Depression
  7. Gulf War
  8. The Holocaust
  9. Industrial Revolution
  10. Korean War
  11. Nazi Germany
  12. Russian Revolution of 1917
  13. Qing Dynasty
  14. Spanish Civil War
  15. Treaty of Versailles
  16. Vietnam War
  17. World War I
  18. World War II

Geography[hlela | edit source]

This section is for geographical concepts and for specific places.

  1. Geography
  2. Capital
  3. City
  4. Continent
  5. Country
  6. Desert
  7. Earth science
  8. Map
  9. North Pole
  10. Ocean
  11. Rainforest
  12. River
  13. Sea
  14. South Pole

Continents and major regions[hlela | edit source]

At least three sentences on each.

  1. Í-Afríka
  2. Antarctica
  3. Asia
  4. Europe
  5. Latin America
  6. Middle East
  7. North America
  8. Oceania
  9. South America

Countries[hlela | edit source]

Eventually, there should be articles on most or all of the 243 countries listed at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries. However, for the smaller Wikipedias, some of the more high-priority countries to have articles on are:

  1. I-Afugani
  2. Algeria
  3. Argentina
  4. Australia
  5. Austria
  6. Bangladesh
  7. Belgium
  8. Brazil
  9. Canada
  10. China
    People's Republic of China
  11. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  12. Egypt
  13. Ethiopia
  14. France
  15. Germany
  16. Greece
  17. INdiya
  18. Indonesia
  19. Iran
  20. Iraq
  21. Republic of Ireland
  22. Israel
  23. Italy
  24. IJaphani
  25. Mexico
  26. The Netherlands
  27. Pakistan
  28. Poland
  29. Romania
  30. Russia
  31. Saudi Arabia
  32. Singapore
  33. IRiphabhulikhi yeNingizimu Afrika
  34. South Korea
  35. Spain
  36. Sudan
  37. Switzerland
  38. Tanzania
  39. Thailand
  40. Turkey
  41. Ukraine
  42. United Kingdom
  43. United States
  44. Vietnam
  45. Portugal

Cities[hlela | edit source]

  1. Amsterdam
  2. Athens
  3. Baghdad
  4. Bangkok
  5. Beijing
  6. Beirut
  7. Berlin
  8. Brisbane
  9. Brussels
  10. Buenos Aires
  11. Cairo
  12. Canberra
  13. Cape Town
  14. Chicago
  15. Damascus
  16. Dar es Salaam
  17. Dublin
  18. Edinburgh
  19. Florence
  20. Hong Kong
  21. Istanbul
  22. Jakarta
  23. Jerusalem
  24. Karachi
  25. Kyoto
  26. Los Angeles
  27. London
  28. Mecca
  29. Melbourne
  30. Mexico City
  31. Milan
  32. Montreal
  33. Moscow
  34. Mumbai
  35. Nairobi
  36. Naples
  37. New Delhi
  38. New York City
  39. Paris
  40. Rio de Janeiro
  41. Rome
  42. Saint-Petersburg
  43. Seoul
  44. Shanghai
  45. Singapore
  46. Sydney
  47. Tehran
  48. Tel Aviv
  49. Tokyo
  50. Toronto
  51. Vancouver
  52. Venice
  53. Vienna
  54. Washington, D.C.

Bodies of water[hlela | edit source]

  1. Amazon River
  2. Aral Sea
  3. Arctic Ocean
  4. Atlantic Ocean
  5. Baltic Sea
  6. Black Sea
  7. Caribbean Sea
  8. Caspian Sea
  9. Congo River
  10. Danube
  11. Dead Sea
  12. Euphrates
  13. Ganges River
  14. Great Barrier Reef
  15. Great Lakes
  16. Indian Ocean
  17. Indus River
  18. Lake Baikal
  19. Lake Tanganyika
  20. Lake Titicaca
  21. Lake Victoria
  22. Mediterranean Sea
  23. Mississippi River
  24. Niagara Falls
  25. Niger River
  26. Nile
  27. North Sea
  28. Pacific Ocean
  29. Panama Canal
  30. Rhine
  31. Suez Canal
  32. Southern Ocean
  33. Tigris
  34. Volga River
  35. Yangtze River

Mountains, valleys and deserts[hlela | edit source]

  1. Alps
  2. Andes
  3. Himalaya
  4. Mount Kilimanjaro
  5. Mount Everest
  6. Rocky Mountains
  7. Sahara

Society[hlela | edit source]

  1. Society
  2. Civilization
  3. Education

Umndeni neTihlobo[hlela | edit source]

  1. Umndeni
  2. Child
  3. Man
  4. Marriage
  5. Woman

Thought, behavior and emotion[hlela | edit source]

  1. Behavior
  2. Emotion
  3. Love
  4. Thought

Politics[hlela | edit source]

  1. Politics
  2. Anarchism
  3. Colonialism
  4. Communism
  5. Conservatism
  6. Democracy
  7. Dictatorship
  8. Diplomacy
  9. Fascism
  10. Globalization
  11. Government
  12. Ideology
  13. Imperialism
  14. Liberalism
  15. Marxism
  16. Monarchy
  17. Nationalism
  18. Nazism
  19. Republic
  20. Socialism
  21. State
  22. Political party
  23. Propaganda

Business and economics[hlela | edit source]

  1. Economics
    1. Macroeconomics
    2. Microeconomics
  2. Agriculture
  3. Capital
  4. Capitalism
  5. Currency
    1. Canadian dollar
    2. Euro
    3. Pound sterling (UK)
    4. Japanese yen
    5. United States dollar
  6. Industry
  7. Money
  8. Tax

Law[hlela | edit source]

  1. Law
  2. Constitution

International organizations[hlela | edit source]

  1. African Union
  2. Arab League
  3. Association of Southeast Asian Nations
  4. Commonwealth of Independent States
  5. Commonwealth of Nations
  6. European Union
  7. International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
  8. NATO
  9. Nobel Prize
  10. Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
  11. Mhlabuhlangene
    1. International Atomic Energy Agency
    2. International Court of Justice
    3. International Monetary Fund
    4. UNESCO
    5. Simemetelo Semhlaba Wonkhe Mayelana Nemalungelo Ebuntfu
    6. World Health Organization
  12. World Bank Group
  13. World Trade Organization

War and military[hlela | edit source]

  1. Civil war
  2. Military
  3. Peace
  4. War

Social issues[hlela | edit source]

  1. Abortion
  2. Capital punishment
  3. Human rights
  4. Racism
  5. Slavery

Emasiko nebuciko[hlela | edit source]

At least three sentences on:

  1. Inhlonipho
  2. Buciko
    1. Comics
    2. Painting
    3. Photography
    4. Sculpture
      1. Pottery
  3. Dance
  4. Fashion
  5. Theatre
  6. Festival de Cannes

Language and literature[hlela | edit source]

  1. Lúlwîmi
  2. Alphabet
    1. Chinese character
    2. Cyrillic alphabet
    3. Greek alphabet
    4. Latin alphabet
    5. Letter
  3. Grammar
    1. Libito
    2. Syntax
    3. Verb
  4. Linguistics
  5. Literacy
  6. Literature
    1. Prose
    2. Fiction
    3. Novel
      1. The Book of One Thousand and One Nights
    4. Bunkondlo
      1. Epic of Gilgamesh
      2. Iliad
      3. Mahabharata
      4. Ramayana
  7. Pronunciation
  8. Specific languages
    1. Arabic
    2. Bengali
    3. Chinese
    4. SíNgísi
    5. SíSperanto
    6. SíFulentji
    7. SíJalimáne
    8. Greek
    9. Hebrew
    10. Hindi
    11. SíNterlingua
    12. Italian
    13. Japanese
    14. Latin
    15. Persian
    16. Russian
    17. Sanskrit
    18. Sipanishi
    19. Tamil
    20. Turkish
  9. Word
  10. Writing

Architecture and civil engineering[hlela | edit source]

  1. Architecture
  2. Arch
  3. Bridge
  4. Canal
  5. Dam
  6. Dome
  7. House
  8. Specific structures
    1. Aswan Dam
    2. Burj Dubai
    3. Colosseum
    4. CN Tower
    5. Great Wall of China
    6. Eiffel Tower
    7. Empire State Building
    8. Hagia Sophia
    9. Hoover Dam
    10. Mount Rushmore
    11. Parthenon
    12. Petronas Towers
    13. Pyramids of Giza
    14. St. Peter's Basilica
    15. Sears Tower
    16. Statue of Liberty
    17. Sydney Opera House
    18. Taj Mahal
  9. Pyramid
  10. Tower

Film, radio and television[hlela | edit source]

  1. Film
    1. Animation
  2. Radio
  3. Television

Music[hlela | edit source]

  1. Music
  2. Song
  3. Specific music genres
    1. Blues
    2. Classical music
      1. Opera
      2. Symphony
    3. Electronic music
    4. Folk music
    5. Jazz
    6. Pop music
    7. Reggae
    8. Rhythm and blues
    9. Rock and roll
    10. Hard rock
    11. New Age music
  4. Specific musical instruments
    1. Drum
    2. Flute
    3. Guitar
    4. Piano
    5. Trumpet
    6. Violin

Recreation[hlela | edit source]

  1. Game
    1. Backgammon
    2. Chess
    3. Go (board game)
    4. Playing card
  2. Gambling
  3. Martial arts
    1. Judo
    2. Karate
  4. Olympic Games
  5. Sport
    1. American football
    2. Auto racing
    3. Badminton
    4. Baseball
    5. Basketball
    6. Cricket
    7. Fencing
    8. Football (soccer)
    9. Golf
    10. Horse racing
    11. Ice hockey
    12. Tennis
    13. Rugby union
    14. Wrestling
    15. Athletics
  6. Toy

World view and religion[hlela | edit source]

  1. Deity
  2. Nkulunkulu
  3. Mythology
  4. Worldview philosophies
    1. Atheism
    2. Fundamentalism
    3. Materialism
    4. Monotheism
    5. Polytheism
  5. Soul
  6. Lukholo
  7. Specific religions
    1. Bahá'í Faith
    2. Buddhism
    3. Christianity
    4. Catholicism
    5. Confucianism
    6. Hinduism
    7. Islam
    8. Jainism
    9. Judaism
    10. Shinto
    11. Sikhism
    12. Taoism
    13. Voodoo
    14. Zoroastrianism
  8. Spirituality

Philosophy[hlela | edit source]

  1. Philosophy
  2. Beauty
  3. Dialectic
  4. Ethics
  5. Epistemology
  6. Feminism
  7. Free will
  8. Knowledge
  9. Logic
  10. Mind
  11. Morality
  12. Reality
  13. Truth

Isayensi[hlela | edit source]

At least a five-sentence introduction to the major fields.

  1. Isayensi

Astronomy[hlela | edit source]

  1. Astronomy
  2. Asteroid
  3. Big Bang
  4. Black hole
  5. Comet
  6. Galaxy
    1. Milky Way
  7. Light year
  8. Moon
  9. Planet
    1. Earth
    2. Jupiter
    3. Mars
    4. Mercury
    5. Neptune
    6. Saturn
    7. Uranus
    8. Venus
  10. Solar system
  11. Star
    1. Sun
  12. Universe

Ibhayoloji[hlela | edit source]

  1. Ibhayoloji
  2. Biological materials
    1. DNA
    2. Enzyme
    3. Protein
  3. Botany
  4. Death
    1. Suicide
  5. Ecology
    1. Endangered species
  6. Domestication
  7. Life
  8. Scientific classification
    1. Species

Biological processes[hlela | edit source]

  1. Metabolism
    1. Digestion
    2. Photosynthesis
    3. Respiration (physiology)
  2. Evolution
  3. Biological reproduction
    1. Asexual reproduction
    2. Sexual reproduction
      1. Heterosexuality
      2. Homosexuality
      3. Pregnancy
      4. Sex
        1. Female
        2. Male
      5. Sexual intercourse

Anatomy[hlela | edit source]

  1. Anatomy
  2. Cell
  3. Circulatory system
    1. Blood
    2. Heart
  4. Endocrine system
  5. Gastrointestinal tract
    1. Large intestine
    2. Small intestine
    3. Liver
  6. Integumentary system
    1. Breast
    2. Skin
  7. Muscle
  8. Nervous system
    1. Brain
    2. Sensory system
      1. Auditory system
        1. Índlebé
      2. Gustatory system
      3. Olfactory system
      4. Somatosensory system
      5. Visual system
        1. Eye
  9. Reproductive system
    1. Penis
    2. Vagina
  10. Respiratory system
    1. Lung
  11. Skeleton

Health and medicine[hlela | edit source]

  1. Medicine
  2. Addiction
    1. Alcoholism
    2. Drug addiction
  3. Alzheimer's disease
  4. Cancer
  5. Cholera
  6. Common cold
  7. Dentistry
  8. Disability
    1. Blindness
    2. Hearing impairment
    3. Mental illness
  9. Disease
  10. Medication
  11. Ethanol
  12. Nicotine
    1. Tobacco
  13. Drugs
  14. Health
  15. Headache
  16. Heart attack
  17. Heart disease
  18. Malaria
  19. Malnutrition
  20. Obesity
  21. Pandemic
  22. Penicillin
  23. Pneumonia
  24. Poliomyelitis
  25. Sexually transmitted disease
    1. AIDS
  26. Stroke
  27. Tuberculosis
  28. Diabetes
  29. Virus
    1. Influenza
    2. Smallpox

Organisms[hlela | edit source]

  1. Organism
  2. Animal
    1. Arthropod
      1. Insect
        1. Ant
        2. Bee
        3. Butterfly
      2. Arachnid
    2. Chordate
      1. Amphibian
        1. Frog
      2. Tinyoni
        1. Chicken
        2. Dove
      3. Fish
        1. Shark
      4. Mammal
        1. Ape
          1. Human
        2. Camel
        3. Likati
        4. Cattle
        5. Dog
        6. Dolphin
        7. Elephant
        8. Horse
        9. Sheep
        10. Libubesi
        11. Pig
        12. Whale
      5. Reptile
        1. Dinosaur
        2. Snake
  3. Archaea
  4. Bacteria
  5. Fungus
  6. Plant
    1. Flower
    2. Tree
  7. Protist

Ikhemisi[hlela | edit source]

  1. Ikhemisi
  2. Biochemistry
  3. Chemical compound
    1. Acid
    2. Base (chemistry)
    3. Salt
  4. Chemical element
    1. List of elements
    2. Periodic table
    3. Aluminium
    4. Carbon
    5. Copper
    6. Gold
    7. Helium
    8. Hydrogen
    9. Iron
    10. Neon
    11. Nitrogen
    12. Oxygen
    13. Silver
    14. Tin
    15. Zinc
  5. Metal
    1. Alloy
      1. Steel
  6. Organic chemistry
    1. Alcohol
    2. Carbohydrate
    3. Hormone
    4. Lipid
  7. Phase (matter)
    1. Gas
    2. Liquid
    3. Plasma
    4. Solid

Weather, climate and geology[hlela | edit source]

  1. Avalanche
  2. Climate
    1. ENSO
    2. Global warming
  3. Earthquake
  4. Geology
    1. Mineral
      1. Diamond
    2. Plate tectonics
    3. Rock
  5. Natural disaster
  6. Volcano
  7. Weather
    1. Cloud
    2. Flood
      1. Tsunami
    3. Rain
      1. Acid rain
      2. Snow
    4. Tornado
    5. Tropical cyclone

Physics[hlela | edit source]

  1. Physics
  2. Acceleration
  3. Atom
  4. Energy
    1. Conservation of energy
    2. Electromagnetic radiation
      1. Infrared
      2. Visual spectrum
        1. Bâla
      3. Ultraviolet
      4. Gamma ray
  5. Force
    1. Electromagnetism
    2. Gravitation
    3. Nuclear force
  6. Light
  7. Magnet
    1. Magnetic field
  8. Mass
  9. Molecule
  10. Quantum mechanics
  11. Sound
  12. Speed
    1. Speed of light
    2. Speed of sound
  13. Theory of relativity
  14. Time
  15. Velocity
  16. Weight
  17. Length

Timekeeping[hlela | edit source]

  1. Anno Domini
  2. Calendar
    1. Gregorian calendar
  3. Century
  4. Day
  5. Minute
  6. Millennium
  7. Ínyangá
  8. Time zone
    1. Daylight saving time
  9. Week
  10. Year

Technology[hlela | edit source]

  1. Technology
  2. Biotechnology
  3. Clothing
    1. Cotton
  4. Engineering
    1. Lever
    2. Pulley
    3. Screw
    4. Wedge
    5. Wheel
  5. Irrigation
    1. Plough
  6. Metallurgy
  7. Nanotechnology

Communication[hlela | edit source]

  1. Communication
  2. Íncwadzí
  3. Information
    1. Encyclopedia
  4. Journalism
    1. Newspaper
    2. Mass media
  5. Printing
  6. Railroad
  7. Telephone
    1. Mobile telephone

Electronics[hlela | edit source]

  1. Electronics
    1. Current (electricity)
    2. Frequency
  2. Components
    1. Capacitor
    2. Inductor
    3. Transistor
    4. Diode
    5. Resistor
    6. Transformer

Computers and Internet[hlela | edit source]

  1. Computer
    1. Hard disk
    2. Processor
    3. RAM
  2. Artificial Intelligence
  3. Information technology
    1. Algorithm
  4. Internet
    1. E-mail
    2. World Wide Web
      1. Web browser
  5. Operating system
  6. Programming language
  7. Software
  8. User interface
    1. Keyboard
    2. Monitor
    3. Mouse (computing)

Energy and fuels[hlela | edit source]

  1. Energy (technology)
    1. Renewable energy
  2. Electricity
    1. Nuclear power
  3. Fossil fuel
  4. Internal combustion engine
  5. Steam engine
  6. Fire

Raw materials[hlela | edit source]

  1. Glass
  2. Paper
  3. Plastic
  4. Wood

Transportation[hlela | edit source]

  1. Transport
  2. Aircraft
  3. Automobile
  4. Bicycle
  5. Boat
  6. Ship
  7. Train

Weapons[hlela | edit source]

  1. Weapon
  2. Axe
  3. Explosive material
    1. Gunpowder
  4. Firearm
  5. Machine gun
  6. Nuclear weapon
  7. Sword
  8. Tank

Foodstuffs[hlela | edit source]

  1. Food
  2. Bread
  3. Cereal
    1. Barley
    2. Maize
    3. Oat
    4. Rice
    5. Rye
    6. Sorghum
    7. Wheat
  4. Cheese
  5. Chocolate
  6. Honey
  7. Fruit
    1. Apple
    2. Banana
    3. Grape
    4. Legume
      1. Soybean
    5. Lemon
    6. Nut (fruit)
  8. Inyama
  9. Sugar
  10. Vegetable
    1. Potato

Beverages[hlela | edit source]

  1. Beer
  2. Wine
  3. Coffee
  4. Milk
  5. Tea
  6. Water
  7. Juice

Mathematics[hlela | edit source]

  1. Mathematics
  2. Algebra
  3. Arithmetic
  4. Axiom
  5. Calculus
  6. Geometry
    1. Circle
      1. Pi
    2. Square
    3. Triangle
  7. Group theory
  8. Mathematical proof
  9. Number
    1. Complex number
    2. Integer
    3. Natural number
    4. Prime number
    5. Rational number
  10. Infinity
  11. Set theory
  12. Statistics
  13. Trigonometry

Measurement and units[hlela | edit source]

  1. Measurement
  2. Joule
  3. Kilogram
  4. Litre
  5. Metre
  6. Newton
  7. SI
  8. Volt
  9. Watt
  10. Second
  11. Kelvin


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